15 amazing ancient cities, which are known by very few
Pompeii, Machu Picchu and Angkor Wat are the names of these cities at the hearing, even among schoolchildren, in the Internet there are hundreds of Photos of these places, and it was there that strive to be tourists. But there is on the planet no less ancient and interesting, but not as raspiarenny. In our review of 15 amazing cities that were built thousands of years ago and are now of great interest.
Carthage, located on the territory of modern Tunisia was founded by Phoenicians in the first Millennium BC. The city quickly flourished and became a huge influence because of its coastal location, but soon there were rivals to the Romans. Carthage eventually surrendered to the Romans in 146 BC and was destroyed.
2. Ciudad Perdida
The present name of Ciudad Perdida translates as “the Lost city”. This place is also know in Colombia called Buritaca or Teyuna. Founded in 800 BC the city is older than the famous Inca city of Machu Picchu by 650 years. It was accidentally discovered only in 1972, assumed to be in the city with a population of about 8,000 people.
Most people know about Three of the poems of Homer “Iliad” or from a Hollywood movie. In fact, it was the oldest settlement in the Northwest of Turkey. Ancient excavations at atomate Dating back to the 3rd Millennium BC and the Trojan war occurred in the 13th century BC
4. Skara Brae
The largest of the Orkney Islands in Scotland, was discovered a settlement of the Neolithic Skara Brae. It is much more ancient than the Great pyramids in Egypt and Stonehenge in England. For thousands of years the settlement was hidden under a layer of sedimentary rock, strong until the storm has exposed stone dwellings in 1850. Skara Brae was inhabited in the period from 3180 to 2500 BC.
Despite the fact that the name is associated with the modern city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, Memphis was the first capital of Egypt and remained one of the major cities of Egypt for thousands of years. The legend says that king Menes built the city in 3100 BC, Memphis continued to be one of the main centers of the region even after the 10th century BC the Egyptian capital was moved to Thebes.
This is a picture of the city of Caral looks no more than a continuation of the Peruvian desert. In fact, it remains one of the largest cities of the Norte Chico culture. Caral is one of the oldest cities in North and South America, and it was populated from 2600 to 2000 BC Lived in Caral 3000 people.
Another ancient city is associated more legends than facts. Babylon was a major city in ancient Mesopotamia was built on the coast of the Euphrates river (present-day Iraq). Babylon was considered the Holy city of Akkad, and was the first ancient city with a population of over 200,000 people. Originally Babylon was established in the year 2300 BC, and then played a prominent role in the region throughout ancient history. In the ancient texts first mentioned the luxury of the city, bright colours and the legendary hanging gardens.
8. The Taxila
The city of Taxila, located in the North-Western Pakistan, has undergone many cultural changes. The ancient city was the capital of the ancient Indian people of gandharv. For the first time in the history of the city is mentioned in connection with his conquest of the Persian king Darius the Great in 518 BC. Of Taxila in the end was destroyed by the Huns in the fifth century. Among its ruins are preserved Hindu, Buddhist, and Greek temples.
A Roman colony in Algeria was founded by the Emperor Trajan in 100 ad in honour of his parents and older sister. In the present ruins of the city are clearly visible perpendicular to the building, which was used by the Romans in their cities, and which is used today. 15-thousandth the city remained peaceful for 400 years until it was conquered by the Arabs. After that, the city slowly swallowed by the sand, and re-opened it only in 1881.
This city in the Indus valley in Pakistan is one of the first urban centers in the world. It was built in 2600 BC and flourished for about 600 years. For unclear reasons the city was abandoned after 900 years after the founding, and re-discovered only in 1922. Since then the excavations were found many artifacts and evidence of ancient technological achievements. Mohenjo-Daro literally means “hill of the dead”.
11. Great Zimbabwe
The great (or Big) Zimbabwe — the name of the complex of ancient stone ruins of South African cities on the territory of modern Zimbabwe. Great Zimbabwe, as it is believed, was the cult center of the ancestors of the Bantu peoples. He began to build the city in the 12th century BC and construction continued for about 300 years. At its peak the town had about 18,000 people.
The ancient city of Hatra in Iraq was the capital of the first Arab Kingdom. Its thick high walls helped to withstand even the attacks of the Romans. Hatra flourished as a center of trade and religion during the time of Parthian Kingdom, but ultimately was destroyed during the invasion of the Iranian Sassanid dynasty. In the architecture of the city is clearly seen in Greek, Roman and Oriental traditions.
The city of Sanchi were built over more than a thousand years, from the third century BC, and ending in the year 1200. The city was abandoned in 1300 years, as the influence of Buddhism in India declined significantly. In the end the ancient city was swallowed by the jungle, and it was discovered in 1818 by a British officer.
Hattusa became the capital of the Hittite Empire (present-day Turkey) in the 17th century BC. About six hundred years later, the city disappeared into oblivion, along with many other settlements of the bronze age in the Eastern Mediterranean region. On the basis of archaeological evidence it is assumed that people gradually left the city after the collapse of the Hittite Empire.