Archaeologists have unearthed the largest Indian settlement

The settlement of the 16th century, discovered on the North shore of Ontario, in his days was a major economic and cultural center. This conclusion was made by canadian researchers after nine years of study of this archaeological monument.

Ron Williams of the University of Toronto said that this settlement of Indians was in those days the largest. The archaeologists who first saw excavated a site with your own eyes, surprised by his size.

Mantle the settlement settlement is one of the Indian tribes – the Hurons. Archaeologists have discovered this monument in 2003 on the territory of Whitchurch-Stouffville near Toronto. The city is surrounded by a triple palisade. It formed in various areas and includes many so-called archeologists “long houses” — long, narrow houses with single room.

These homes were built from the most durable wood of cedar and maple. The average width of these structures was 6 m and their length varied in the range of 12-49 m Roof, height of 6 m, was covered with elm bark or cedar. In total, the archaeologists found 98 buildings, but at the peak of development of the settlement it was no more than 55 homes. This is because of the buildings was based on an older demolished structures. On discovered in the ancient settlement of ostankova wood scientists concluded that the Indians used an effective fire suppression system that allowed timely eliminate fire hazards.

In the times of prosperity of this settlement there were approximately 1500-1800 people. Scientists estimate that the city needed a 7 thousand deer skins annually. Hunting grounds, stretching for 40 km around the settlement, in full measure met the demand.

During excavations, archaeologists discovered more than 200 thousand different artifacts. Iron tools and beads of copper indicate the earliest contacts between Indians and Europeans. Found on the territory of mantle weapon, according to experts, was brought to North America by Basque whalers in the 16th century. A lot of ceramic objects that relate to the cultures of 5 different tribes, suggests that the settlement was a regional cultural and commercial center.

This material is still reading:

The famous pyramids and stone buildings of the Maya were older than previously suggested by scientists. To such conclusion the American researchers came to after conducting excavations in Guatemala, reports the New Scientist. In the ancient Mayan city of Ceibal, located in the Central part of the country, archaeologists have unearthed a small pyramid and several ceremonial structures in the form of large platforms. These buildings were, in all likelihood, part of a solar Observatory.

A study of the remains of the Paleolithic of Siberia revealed that he had European genes. The remains of a boy, whose age is 24 000 years, found in one of the most famous Paleolithic sites of Siberia, located near the village of Malta. This discovery has scientists added material for studies of the genome of the American Indians. If the study of the origin mostly indigenous people in the US clearly leads in East Asia, the boy from Malta is the most ancient belonging to the modern type of person – at least one third can be considered European.

The fresco with the image of Indians belonging to the brush by Pinturicchio was discovered by restorers in the apartments of the Borgia family, at the Vatican, reports the foreign publisher the Daily Telegraph. Removing frescoes with mud 500 years ago, the restorers noticed in the background dancing naked strange men with feathers on their heads. Experts note that this is the first time the image of the European artist Indians. The artist decided to depict native Americans, being inspired by the tales of a traveler

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