Hollywood uses Mesopotamian monuments

Lumi are mythical creatures like the Sphinx with a human head, body of a lion or bull and the wings of an eagle, which once guarded the city in Mesopotamia. They were considered powerful creatures that served as a clear reminder of the power of the king, and were a symbol of guardian spirit for all people. About it reports “Barbaricum”.

Colossal statues Lumi found during the excavations in the Assyrian capitals, was founded by king Assurnasirpal II (reigned between 883 859 BC) and by king Sargon II (ruled from 721 in 705 BC). The famous winged Sphinx from Nimrud in Iraq (ancient city of Kalhu), guarding the gate to the city in 2015, have been destroyed by ISIL militants. Other sculptures of mythical animals belong to the cities of Dur Sharrukin (now Khorsabad, Iraq).

In each major city Lumi guarding the city gates. At the same time made one of the winged Sphinx to guard the entrance to the throne room. The Mesopotamians believed that Lumi deter the forces of chaos and bring peace into people’s homes. On Akkadian language “Lumi” meant the spirit-guard. Lumi are often found in art and mythology of Mesopotamia. The first detected Lumi was created about 3000 BC Lumi is also known as lamasi, Alladin R. D., and Shedd. Sometimes Lumi izabrali the form of a female deity, but usually he had a man’s head. Women’s Lumi was called ASPAs.

Cults Lumi and Shedd were very common among residents of Mesopotamia from the Sumerian to the Babylonian period. They were associated with keepers of kings in various cults.

Lumi were spirits, the guardians not only of kings and palaces, but also of each individual. People feel safer if there was their guardian spirit, so Lumi carved on clay tablets, which were buried under the threshold of the house.

The house, which was attended by Lumi, was considered a better place than the one where the guardian spirit was not. Archaeological studies show that Lumi has taken a very important place in all cultures that populated the lands of Mesopotamia and nearby.

As already mentioned, Lumi first appeared in the Royal palaces at Nimrud in the reign of Assurnasirpal II and disappeared at the end of the reign of Ashurbanipal between 668 and 627 BC, the Reason for the disappearance of Lumi in buildings is unknown.

The ancient Jewish people inherit the iconography and symbolism of the previous crops and also revered Lumi. The prophet Ezekil wrote about Lumi, describing him as a fantastic creature with the body of a bull or lion, wings of an eagle and a human head.

There are marked differences in body shape between early Lumi and sculptures of the later period. At first Lumi was the body of a lion, and Lumi from the Palace of king Sargon II the body of the bull. Another interesting detail Lumi Sargon smile.

In 713 BC Sargon founded his capital of Dur Sharrukin. He decided that the guardian spirits should be on each side of the seven gates as guards. They were not only the guardians and impressive decorative components, but also served an architectural function, carrying part of the weight of the arch.

Sargon II had shown great interest in Lumi. During his reign a large number of sculptures and monuments of these mystical Sphinx. In this period, the body Lumi was more of a relief. The head had the ears of a bull and a male face with a beard and thin mustache.

During excavations under the direction of the Field Botta in the beginning of 1843, archaeologists found several sculptures, which were sent to France in the Louvre Museum. Then perhaps the Europeans first saw the mystical sphinxes of Mesopotamia.

Currently Lumi represented in the British Museum (London), the Metropolitan Museum of art (new York), the Institute of the Orient (Chicago). Copies of the Shedd figures in natural size are presented at the State Museum of fine arts named after A. S. Pushkin in Moscow.

During operations in Iraq and Iran in 1942-1943, the British army even chose Lumi as their symbol. Lumi is still popular in contemporary culture. They appear in the “Chronicles of Narnia” Lewis, the disney movie “Aladdin”, in computer games.

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