Methods of archaeologists very far away from the tunnels the days of Herculaneum; and obvious progress compared with the beginning of the twentieth century, when bona fide, but poorly equipped diggers attacked the mounds with shovels, wheelbarrows and hundreds of hired workers, in the calculations which was a system of “baksheesh” — everyone who found any valuable thing paid for it at the market price.
The scientific approach of Modern excavations is highly scientific, carefully controlled and is an expensive affair. Due to high costs and ever-increasing demands for scientific accuracy, the excavation can now be described as the mobile scientific laboratory, where highly qualified specialists in various fields combine their efforts, working in the field. Prior to modern archeological expedition are five main tasks: area survey, excavation, finds recording, interpretation and publication of reports. In the first place, every new excavation site should be surveyed for miles around; you need to learn as much as possible about the topography and history of the surrounding area. Continue reading
We present to Your attention the most important and significant archaeological discoveries of 2007, according to the American Institute of archaeology (Archaeological Institute of America). In 2007 the world was made many archaeological discoveries, the most important of them is also included and archaeological discoveries in the Americas, including :
New Dating sites Clovis
The new data of radiocarbon analysis remain contradictory regarding the settling of the Americas. The debates on this subject do not cease in 2007. Clarifying amendments to this event invited researchers of ancient sites Clovis. These sites of ancient Americans, most represented in archaeological material and constitutes a fertile field for archaeological activity. Parking Clovis testified that the first immigrants of the New world were hunters of large animals. Researched artifacts of the Clovis culture Michael waters, Director of the Center for the study of the first Americans and Thomas Stafford research lab Stafford in Colorado. Using modern methods and equipment (giving more accurate results than previous, less accurate methods), they clarified the Dating of the resettlement of people on americancommunity, examined more than twenty sites of ancient people of Clovis culture. All Parking spaces now date from the period commencing 13 050 years ago and ended 12 800 years ago. Most archaeologists still believe the Clovis people inhabited North America 13 300 years ago and lived at least 500 years. Continue reading
Using the latest techniques of DNA analysis by German scientists plan to put an end to many years of debates concerning the emergence of modern anthropological type in Europe. Experts from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology max Planck decoded the DNA of the remains of ancient man found during excavations in the Voronezh region. The resulting code genetics compared the DNA of Europeans and found a lot in common, so there is serious reason to believe that modern man came to the territory of modern Europe from the territory of the Russian plain, and the pre-routed the trail of settlement of Homo sapiens will now have to adjust.
That the attention of German specialists was attracted by the remains found near the village of Kostenki Voronezh region, is not surprising. It is in this area contains a large number of sites of the upper Palaeolithic, some of which relates to the period when Neanderthals were completely replaced by modern humans. Finds made in the Voronezh region have puzzled archeologists. Thus, radiocarbon analysis was found there in 2001, the statues have proven that art in Europe appeared 10 thousand years earlier than was thought. That is exactly the inhabitants of the village of Kostenki first in Europe began to imitate the human. And the bones of a man found in the burial of Markina Gora in 1954, are the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens in Eastern Europe. Their age – about 30 thousand years exceeds the age of other finds made in Spain, Italy and France. Reconstruction of the shape of the human skull made by the archaeologist Continue reading