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An artifact that changes color

The Lycurgus Cup is the only preserved from the ancient times of diatreta — a product made in the shape of a bell with double glass walls, covered with a figured pattern. The inner part of the top is decorated with carved patterned mesh. The Cup height — 165 mm, diameter — 132 mm. Scientists suggest that it was produced in Alexandria or Rome in the fourth century. The Lycurgus Cup can be admired in the British Museum.

This artifact is known primarily for its unusual properties. Under normal lighting, where the light comes from the front, the Cup is green, but if it illuminate from behind, he turns red.

Changing the artifact color and depending on what liquid is poured into it. For example, the Cup glowed blue when it had water, but filled with oil, became bright red.

The story about the dangers of alcohol

In this mystery we shall return. But first try to figure out why diatreta called the Lycurgus Cup. The surface of the bowl is decorated with a beautiful relief depicting the suffering of a bearded man, entangled with vines. All known myths of Ancient Greece and Rome most of all under this story fits the myth of the death of the Thracian king Lycurgus, probably lived about 800 years before our era. Continue reading

Everpresence

Using the latest techniques of DNA analysis by German scientists plan to put an end to many years of debates concerning the emergence of modern anthropological type in Europe. Experts from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology max Planck decoded the DNA of the remains of ancient man found during excavations in the Voronezh region. The resulting code genetics compared the DNA of Europeans and found a lot in common, so there is serious reason to believe that modern man came to the territory of modern Europe from the territory of the Russian plain, and the pre-routed the trail of settlement of Homo sapiens will now have to adjust.

That the attention of German specialists was attracted by the remains found near the village of Kostenki Voronezh region, is not surprising. It is in this area contains a large number of sites of the upper Palaeolithic, some of which relates to the period when Neanderthals were completely replaced by modern humans. Finds made in the Voronezh region have puzzled archeologists. Thus, radiocarbon analysis was found there in 2001, the statues have proven that art in Europe appeared 10 thousand years earlier than was thought. That is exactly the inhabitants of the village of Kostenki first in Europe began to imitate the human. And the bones of a man found in the burial of Markina Gora in 1954, are the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens in Eastern Europe. Their age – about 30 thousand years exceeds the age of other finds made in Spain, Italy and France. Reconstruction of the shape of the human skull made by the archaeologist Continue reading

Archaeologists have unearthed the largest Indian settlement

The settlement of the 16th century, discovered on the North shore of Ontario, in his days was a major economic and cultural center. This conclusion was made by canadian researchers after nine years of study of this archaeological monument.

Ron Williams of the University of Toronto said that this settlement of Indians was in those days the largest. The archaeologists who first saw excavated a site with your own eyes, surprised by his size.

Mantle the settlement settlement is one of the Indian tribes – the Hurons. Archaeologists have discovered this monument in 2003 on the territory of Whitchurch-Stouffville near Toronto. The city is surrounded by a triple palisade. It formed in various areas and includes many so-called archeologists “long houses” — long, narrow houses with single room.

These homes were built from the most durable wood of cedar and maple. The average width of these structures was 6 m and their length varied in the range of 12-49 m Roof, height of 6 m, was covered with elm bark or cedar. In total, the archaeologists found 98 buildings, but at the peak of development of the settlement it was no more than 55 homes. This is because of the buildings was based on an older demolished structures. On discovered in the ancient settlement of ostankova wood scientists concluded that the Indians used an effective fire suppression system that allowed timely eliminate fire hazards.

In the times of prosperity of this settlement there were approximately 1500-1800 people. Scientists estimate that the city needed a 7 thousand deer skins annually. Hunting grounds, stretching for 40 km around the settlement, in full measure met the demand. Continue reading

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