Homo habilis (Homo habilis) – for the first time the remains of this ancient human found in Olduvai Faces the 29-year excavation. It was just the teeth. In 1965, the son of Leakey, Jonathan, the calcaneus, the clavicle and a fragment of the skull of a boy of 11-12 years. Excavations revealed the all-new bones of his skeleton. Leakey called the new creature presentantion (i.e. the ancestor of Zinjanthropus). His remains were found in a deeper layer than India. He is at least several hundred thousand years of ancient India. Expert anatomists, examining the bones prezyndzhantropa said: he’s not an ancestor, but rather a descendant. Indeed, vertebra, phalanges, fragments of a skull, leg bone – it was substantially more developed than Zinj. He had no crest on the skull. The preserved jaw with 13 teeth were more like human than India. Zinjanthropus volume of the skull was 520 cm 3. and presence – 680 cm 3. It was not clear: pressing was ancient India, and by building closer to us.
Pressing was someone killed. In his skull with a gaping big hole. Found 5 phalanges of the foot, bones of the left foot, the heel and the ankle bone. It was clear that presing walked on straight legs, like a man. But the most interesting hand. Despite the massiveness and a certain curved fingers, it was more like a human than a monkey’s hand. The experts,having studied the bones of presence, came to the conclusion that the owner could use the weapon! So he made the Oldowan tools, and not Zinj? Apparently, Yes. Leakey, Tobias and Naur decided to give it a new name.. in lat. Homo habilis. Continue reading
Methods of archaeologists very far away from the tunnels the days of Herculaneum; and obvious progress compared with the beginning of the twentieth century, when bona fide, but poorly equipped diggers attacked the mounds with shovels, wheelbarrows and hundreds of hired workers, in the calculations which was a system of “baksheesh” — everyone who found any valuable thing paid for it at the market price.
The scientific approach of Modern excavations is highly scientific, carefully controlled and is an expensive affair. Due to high costs and ever-increasing demands for scientific accuracy, the excavation can now be described as the mobile scientific laboratory, where highly qualified specialists in various fields combine their efforts, working in the field. Prior to modern archeological expedition are five main tasks: area survey, excavation, finds recording, interpretation and publication of reports. In the first place, every new excavation site should be surveyed for miles around; you need to learn as much as possible about the topography and history of the surrounding area. Continue reading
Works the few literate people, who accompanied the conquistadors in their trips only opened America, lay on the tables of historians only in the NINETEENTH century. With parchment pages of the past opened the horrific pictures of the destruction of ancient Indian cities and the enslavement and destruction of indigenous tribes and peoples of the continent…
Learned monks and Pedro Simon Pedro de Aguado, the poet and chronicler Juan de Castellanos, the chronicler Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo-and-Wildes told the descendants of many details of the hike and the wonders of open lands, including the “elaborately decorated and crowded cities of Pozegaca, Become, Hironaka and bond”, located on the North of South America – about where nowadays the border between Colombia and Venezuela.
Two dozen expeditions in the twentieth century returned from the slopes of the mountain massif the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta without any results – only the jungle Yes small villages of Kogi Indians, have preserved no memory of its glorious past. In the seventies of the twentieth century seriously began to prove that the evidence of documents is not supported by the findings – no more than a myth… Believed the same three hundred years ago in the country of El Dorado, a real man of gold, who reigned somewhere in the upper reaches of the Orinoco! Also once inhabited the imagination of the Guiana coast people wearing head under my arm! Continue reading