Works the few literate people, who accompanied the conquistadors in their trips only opened America, lay on the tables of historians only in the NINETEENTH century. With parchment pages of the past opened the horrific pictures of the destruction of ancient Indian cities and the enslavement and destruction of indigenous tribes and peoples of the continent…
Learned monks and Pedro Simon Pedro de Aguado, the poet and chronicler Juan de Castellanos, the chronicler Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo-and-Wildes told the descendants of many details of the hike and the wonders of open lands, including the “elaborately decorated and crowded cities of Pozegaca, Become, Hironaka and bond”, located on the North of South America – about where nowadays the border between Colombia and Venezuela.
Two dozen expeditions in the twentieth century returned from the slopes of the mountain massif the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta without any results – only the jungle Yes small villages of Kogi Indians, have preserved no memory of its glorious past. In the seventies of the twentieth century seriously began to prove that the evidence of documents is not supported by the findings – no more than a myth… Believed the same three hundred years ago in the country of El Dorado, a real man of gold, who reigned somewhere in the upper reaches of the Orinoco! Also once inhabited the imagination of the Guiana coast people wearing head under my arm! Continue reading
Archeology (from the Greek.archaios – ancient and logos – science ) – the science of antiquities . By definition, A.V. Artsikhovsky archaeology is history armed with a spade. the science that studies the historical past of mankind on the real historical remains buried in the ground. Interest in antiquities appeared in Russia in the early centuries of Russian history. In the churches . the cathedrals kept the relics associated with the memory of the princes . the highest spiritual hierarchs . In the Trinity Cathedral of Pskov Mikhail. to see the sleigh that belonged to Princess Olga . swords attributed to Prince Dovmont and Vsevolod Mstislavovich. In Bogolyubovo, near Vladimir . kept the sword of Prince Boris . In the Novgorod Sofia took care of the staff and vestments of Bishop Nikita (XII century) and Boris and Gleb Church – maces pagan God Perun, whose statue before the baptism of Novgorod stood in Perunovo grove on the shore of the lake.Ilmen. Vestries of ancient churches have been repositories of rarities, and in fact these were the first museums in Russia. Was done then and excavations, but they were associated with Christian shrines. In Pskov in 1420 by the decision of mayors to stop Maura decided to dig up the foundations of the demolished Church of St. Blaise. The townspeople bought the yard Artemyev. demolished buildings and the first in North-West Russia the excavation obretosha the throne. Continue reading
The middle East could become the second if not the main, the cradle of modern civilization. At the meeting in Italy the conference, the archaeologists came to the conclusion that civilization was born in a very unusual place — in Iran, far from the fertile valleys of Mesopotamia.
New discoveries during excavations in the Middle East has shaken the archaeological world and has forced scholars to reconsider the history of modern civilization. Until now, archaeologists believed that modern civilization originated in Mesopotamia, within the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates, giving enough resources for the development of complex society. And then, during the third Millennium BC, social structures, wealth and technologies of this society slowly spread along the coast of the Nile and later along the banks of the Indus and Ganges.
New finds of settlements can shake the traditional history of the ancient world to its very foundations, reports of archaeological Science conference in Ravenna, Italy. “Archaeologists do not allow the possibility of the existence at an early stage of development of a society of such large settlements at a distance from major rivers flowing into the ocean. Earlier nobody knew about these cities,” — said the journalist of the Science Andrulonis, who described the findings of scientists in the third the August issue of the magazine. Continue reading