People settled in the territory, where later was built in Moscow in the Neolithic period. The first settlers appeared here in those days, when the glacier that covered earlier, most of Europe, began to take their positions, slowly retreating to the North. As it melts, leaving behind the Sands, swamps and huge boulders.
Archaeologists have discovered traces of settlements III Millennium BC near the village liyalovo, located in the vicinity of the Moscow river and Klyazma river at the location of today’s Shchukino (Kolomenskoye). In ancient times lived in these places tribes engaged in hunting and fishing. They used tools made of bone and stone, as evidenced by discovered in the excavations of the items. In everyday life, the villagers used burnt at the stake pottery decorated with various patterns.
People preferred to settle closer to the water, so light shelters were constructed on the shores of lakes and rivers. In the II Millennium BC (the bronze age) the territory of Moscow and Moscow region was inhabited by representatives of the fatyanovo culture. During excavations on the territory of Moscow and Moscow region (Tushino, Davydkovo, Sparrow hills and other regions)have been found in their burial grounds. In areas inhabited by these tribes, to this day, find of burial, which, as a rule, are located in the South-East of Moscow. Continue reading
The settlement of the 16th century, discovered on the North shore of Ontario, in his days was a major economic and cultural center. This conclusion was made by canadian researchers after nine years of study of this archaeological monument.
Ron Williams of the University of Toronto said that this settlement of Indians was in those days the largest. The archaeologists who first saw excavated a site with your own eyes, surprised by his size.
Mantle the settlement settlement is one of the Indian tribes – the Hurons. Archaeologists have discovered this monument in 2003 on the territory of Whitchurch-Stouffville near Toronto. The city is surrounded by a triple palisade. It formed in various areas and includes many so-called archeologists “long houses” — long, narrow houses with single room.
These homes were built from the most durable wood of cedar and maple. The average width of these structures was 6 m and their length varied in the range of 12-49 m Roof, height of 6 m, was covered with elm bark or cedar. In total, the archaeologists found 98 buildings, but at the peak of development of the settlement it was no more than 55 homes. This is because of the buildings was based on an older demolished structures. On discovered in the ancient settlement of ostankova wood scientists concluded that the Indians used an effective fire suppression system that allowed timely eliminate fire hazards.
In the times of prosperity of this settlement there were approximately 1500-1800 people. Scientists estimate that the city needed a 7 thousand deer skins annually. Hunting grounds, stretching for 40 km around the settlement, in full measure met the demand. Continue reading