Egypt is the oldest country in the world. It was here he first formed a unitary state. It exists and is still — changing names, population, religion and form of government. Nevertheless, something remained unchanged. The cultural heritage of Egypt exists in the form of archaeological antiquities, valuable finds, majestic temples and pyramids, wonderful life. News of archaeology of Egypt presented in this section.
A team of archaeologists from Prague’s Charles University during the excavations in the mastaba AS-54, in the Sahara, discovered well-preserved parts of the large boats used during the old Kingdom for trips on the Nile. We are talking about a large boat, not toy models, which are often found in the tombs.
Funerary mask of Tutankhamun, hardly the most recognizable work of art of Ancient Egypt, returned to the Museum after two months of restoration, carried out by German experts. The restoration took the mask after an extremely amusing incident in which one of the Museum staff pulled Pharaoh’s beard. Then glued it using “super glue”. Continue reading
Using the latest techniques of DNA analysis by German scientists plan to put an end to many years of debates concerning the emergence of modern anthropological type in Europe. Experts from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology max Planck decoded the DNA of the remains of ancient man found during excavations in the Voronezh region. The resulting code genetics compared the DNA of Europeans and found a lot in common, so there is serious reason to believe that modern man came to the territory of modern Europe from the territory of the Russian plain, and the pre-routed the trail of settlement of Homo sapiens will now have to adjust.
That the attention of German specialists was attracted by the remains found near the village of Kostenki Voronezh region, is not surprising. It is in this area contains a large number of sites of the upper Palaeolithic, some of which relates to the period when Neanderthals were completely replaced by modern humans. Finds made in the Voronezh region have puzzled archeologists. Thus, radiocarbon analysis was found there in 2001, the statues have proven that art in Europe appeared 10 thousand years earlier than was thought. That is exactly the inhabitants of the village of Kostenki first in Europe began to imitate the human. And the bones of a man found in the burial of Markina Gora in 1954, are the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens in Eastern Europe. Their age – about 30 thousand years exceeds the age of other finds made in Spain, Italy and France. Reconstruction of the shape of the human skull made by the archaeologist Continue reading
In the interfluve of the don and the Dnieper, were found more than two hundred Sarmatian burials. They can be divided into several groups according to the different tribes, which are not always clearly distinguishable. Several burials of this period have been found in the area between the Don and Donets. Ceramics is similar to ceramics of the Prokhorov culture, as only a bronze mirror found in a burial on the Bottom. However, the skeletons in these graves lie the head to the West, which does not coincide with prohorovskom rite. This is probably due to the fact that the alien belonging of the Prokhorov culture, mixed with the local Scythian and Sarmatian tribes. Graves environments gesamtschule period, atributiruemy Roxolana, were excavated to the North-West of the sea of Azov, between the lower course of the Dnieper and of the Breast. The earliest of them dates back to the end of the second century BC but the majority can be dated to the first century BC and I century ad On the rite and inventory they are almost identical to the graves of the peoples of the Prokhorov culture in the district of Saratov. We can assume that the people buried in these mounds, moved there from their homeland, located in the lower reaches of the Volga.
For some time they clung to their ancient culture, customs and traditions, though where they came from, these customs change came others. On the same cemetery there are several graves, exactly the same which existed on the Volga in the previous period, including the “diagonal” type, though bolshinstvosvoih narrow pit with a niche. Continue reading