Homo habilis (Homo habilis) – for the first time the remains of this ancient human found in Olduvai Faces the 29-year excavation. It was just the teeth. In 1965, the son of Leakey, Jonathan, the calcaneus, the clavicle and a fragment of the skull of a boy of 11-12 years. Excavations revealed the all-new bones of his skeleton. Leakey called the new creature presentantion (i.e. the ancestor of Zinjanthropus). His remains were found in a deeper layer than India. He is at least several hundred thousand years of ancient India. Expert anatomists, examining the bones prezyndzhantropa said: he’s not an ancestor, but rather a descendant. Indeed, vertebra, phalanges, fragments of a skull, leg bone – it was substantially more developed than Zinj. He had no crest on the skull. The preserved jaw with 13 teeth were more like human than India. Zinjanthropus volume of the skull was 520 cm 3. and presence – 680 cm 3. It was not clear: pressing was ancient India, and by building closer to us.
Pressing was someone killed. In his skull with a gaping big hole. Found 5 phalanges of the foot, bones of the left foot, the heel and the ankle bone. It was clear that presing walked on straight legs, like a man. But the most interesting hand. Despite the massiveness and a certain curved fingers, it was more like a human than a monkey’s hand. The experts,having studied the bones of presence, came to the conclusion that the owner could use the weapon! So he made the Oldowan tools, and not Zinj? Apparently, Yes. Leakey, Tobias and Naur decided to give it a new name.. in lat. Homo habilis. Continue reading
Scientists believe that most layers of sedimentary rocks on the Earth’s surface were deposited slowly over millions of years. Most of these layers contain fossilized remains of plants and animals. But there are concerns.
On Earth there are many examples of fossils vertically pass through numerous layers of sedimentary rocks — from here and they got their name “polystrate fossils” (from poly — many, strata — layers).
For example, in coal mine Joggins (NS, Canada) you can find lots of vertically spaced trees raschitany in layers with a total thickness of 750 meters. These petrified trees can be easily seen.
Perfectly preserved, they pervade the strata, which supposedly were deposited over millions of years. The fact that the trees had to be buried faster than they would have rotted. In other words, these layers never could be deposited slowly over millions of years.
The trees would have decomposed long before this, and thus not rigid. Derek ager, Emeritus Professor of Geology at University College in Swansea, received their education in the spirit of strict Lilleskog uniformitarism, describes these fossils as follows: “the Total thickness of the British coal layers is about 1000 m, and assuming that they have been deposited over 10 million years, and when osloveien formation of sedimentary rock, then the disposal of the tree height of 10 m took place over 100,000 years, what really is ridiculous”. Continue reading
Using the latest techniques of DNA analysis by German scientists plan to put an end to many years of debates concerning the emergence of modern anthropological type in Europe. Experts from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology max Planck decoded the DNA of the remains of ancient man found during excavations in the Voronezh region. The resulting code genetics compared the DNA of Europeans and found a lot in common, so there is serious reason to believe that modern man came to the territory of modern Europe from the territory of the Russian plain, and the pre-routed the trail of settlement of Homo sapiens will now have to adjust.
That the attention of German specialists was attracted by the remains found near the village of Kostenki Voronezh region, is not surprising. It is in this area contains a large number of sites of the upper Palaeolithic, some of which relates to the period when Neanderthals were completely replaced by modern humans. Finds made in the Voronezh region have puzzled archeologists. Thus, radiocarbon analysis was found there in 2001, the statues have proven that art in Europe appeared 10 thousand years earlier than was thought. That is exactly the inhabitants of the village of Kostenki first in Europe began to imitate the human. And the bones of a man found in the burial of Markina Gora in 1954, are the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens in Eastern Europe. Their age – about 30 thousand years exceeds the age of other finds made in Spain, Italy and France. Reconstruction of the shape of the human skull made by the archaeologist Continue reading