People settled in the territory, where later was built in Moscow in the Neolithic period. The first settlers appeared here in those days, when the glacier that covered earlier, most of Europe, began to take their positions, slowly retreating to the North. As it melts, leaving behind the Sands, swamps and huge boulders.
Archaeologists have discovered traces of settlements III Millennium BC near the village liyalovo, located in the vicinity of the Moscow river and Klyazma river at the location of today’s Shchukino (Kolomenskoye). In ancient times lived in these places tribes engaged in hunting and fishing. They used tools made of bone and stone, as evidenced by discovered in the excavations of the items. In everyday life, the villagers used burnt at the stake pottery decorated with various patterns.
People preferred to settle closer to the water, so light shelters were constructed on the shores of lakes and rivers. In the II Millennium BC (the bronze age) the territory of Moscow and Moscow region was inhabited by representatives of the fatyanovo culture. During excavations on the territory of Moscow and Moscow region (Tushino, Davydkovo, Sparrow hills and other regions)have been found in their burial grounds. In areas inhabited by these tribes, to this day, find of burial, which, as a rule, are located in the South-East of Moscow. Continue reading
Evidence of the first people in the Arctic were discovered during the excavation of a mammoth Jenny.
Archeological evidence of the spread of humans into Northern Eurasia to 40 thousand years ago are extremely rare in Western Siberia similar findings are North of 57 degrees North latitude. In other regions of the first people in the Arctic did not appear earlier 35-30 thousand years ago. A group of Russian researchers conducted an excavation of mammoth remains Dating back to 45 thousand years before present. time, research which expands the boundaries of the proposed area of distribution of primitive people to 72 degrees North latitude.
Evidence of human settlements in the Arctic before the Last glacial maximum (the last ice age – about 26 thousand years ago) are extremely rare. Before the opening of the human sites in the Mammoth courier (Dating back to around 37 thousand years ago) and on the river Yana, the researchers were of the view that the territory of the Arctic region remained unsettled up to the border of the Pleistocene and the Holocene (about 11 to 12 thousand years ago). Discoveries in the last 20 years have confirmed the presence of humans in the Arctic at least since the late marine isotope stage 3 (MIS 3 to about 30 thousand years ago).
Known archeological evidence for human occupation of Northern Eurasia during the first 3 polovinkami. In Siberia this evidence is concentrated far South of the Arctic circle. Only on the territory of Northern Eurasia, there are about 15 to 20 archaeological sites from the Northern limit of 55 degrees North latitude and the fossil age of about 35-30 thousand years up to the present. time. Continue reading
In the interfluve of the don and the Dnieper, were found more than two hundred Sarmatian burials. They can be divided into several groups according to the different tribes, which are not always clearly distinguishable. Several burials of this period have been found in the area between the Don and Donets. Ceramics is similar to ceramics of the Prokhorov culture, as only a bronze mirror found in a burial on the Bottom. However, the skeletons in these graves lie the head to the West, which does not coincide with prohorovskom rite. This is probably due to the fact that the alien belonging of the Prokhorov culture, mixed with the local Scythian and Sarmatian tribes. Graves environments gesamtschule period, atributiruemy Roxolana, were excavated to the North-West of the sea of Azov, between the lower course of the Dnieper and of the Breast. The earliest of them dates back to the end of the second century BC but the majority can be dated to the first century BC and I century ad On the rite and inventory they are almost identical to the graves of the peoples of the Prokhorov culture in the district of Saratov. We can assume that the people buried in these mounds, moved there from their homeland, located in the lower reaches of the Volga.
For some time they clung to their ancient culture, customs and traditions, though where they came from, these customs change came others. On the same cemetery there are several graves, exactly the same which existed on the Volga in the previous period, including the “diagonal” type, though bolshinstvosvoih narrow pit with a niche. Continue reading