Methods of archaeologists very far away from the tunnels the days of Herculaneum; and obvious progress compared with the beginning of the twentieth century, when bona fide, but poorly equipped diggers attacked the mounds with shovels, wheelbarrows and hundreds of hired workers, in the calculations which was a system of “baksheesh” — everyone who found any valuable thing paid for it at the market price.
The scientific approach of Modern excavations is highly scientific, carefully controlled and is an expensive affair. Due to high costs and ever-increasing demands for scientific accuracy, the excavation can now be described as the mobile scientific laboratory, where highly qualified specialists in various fields combine their efforts, working in the field. Prior to modern archeological expedition are five main tasks: area survey, excavation, finds recording, interpretation and publication of reports. In the first place, every new excavation site should be surveyed for miles around; you need to learn as much as possible about the topography and history of the surrounding area. Continue reading
The middle East could become the second if not the main, the cradle of modern civilization. At the meeting in Italy the conference, the archaeologists came to the conclusion that civilization was born in a very unusual place — in Iran, far from the fertile valleys of Mesopotamia.
New discoveries during excavations in the Middle East has shaken the archaeological world and has forced scholars to reconsider the history of modern civilization. Until now, archaeologists believed that modern civilization originated in Mesopotamia, within the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates, giving enough resources for the development of complex society. And then, during the third Millennium BC, social structures, wealth and technologies of this society slowly spread along the coast of the Nile and later along the banks of the Indus and Ganges.
New finds of settlements can shake the traditional history of the ancient world to its very foundations, reports of archaeological Science conference in Ravenna, Italy. “Archaeologists do not allow the possibility of the existence at an early stage of development of a society of such large settlements at a distance from major rivers flowing into the ocean. Earlier nobody knew about these cities,” — said the journalist of the Science Andrulonis, who described the findings of scientists in the third the August issue of the magazine. Continue reading