On Earth, almost no white spots. But almost every year we read about sensational finds made by archaeologists. About the most mysterious of them, secrets which are yet to be disclosed, says a new German book.
Much in the book “Things that could not be” perceived ambiguously. Already Chapter titles: “Shot Neanderthal”, “Antique computer”, “Ancient aliens” and so forth, cause distrust. But quite bold in some of his conclusions, the author Reinhard Habeck (Habeck Reinhard), as a rule, adheres strictly to the facts.For example, he very carefully describes was found in the early twentieth century on the seabed close to the small Greek island of Antikythera a subject that many (and not only Habeck) called “ancient computer”.
Fragments of “ancient computer”
An astrolabe from the bottom of the sea
Model, exhibited in the German Museum in Munich, shows that it is a very complex mechanism consisting of multiple gears of different sizes linked together in different planes. Most “computer” is reminiscent of a modern astrolabe. It allows you to keep track of the solar and lunar calendars to calculate the trajectory of planets and to determine the position of the stars. This is not surprising today, but “the mechanism of Antikythera” was assembled in periodid 150-m and 100-m years BC! Continue reading
Many people think that all the main historical discoveries already made and all the treasures found. However, this is not so. Thousands of professional archaeologists and hundreds of thousands of enthusiasts continue in different parts of the world to dig and search.
Each year the magazine Archaeology sums up the year in archaeology, while drawing up the rating of outstanding discoveries that shed light on the ancient history of mankind. Scientists waited many surprises from different historical eras. By the way, discoveries in archaeology are not listed in order of importance and not in chronological order. So, here’s the top 10 for 2012.
1st place: the ship of Pharaoh
Egyptologist Jan Tristant of the University of Sydney studied the response francuzskoy archaeological expedition of Professor Pierre Monte, who in 1914 examined the tombs of the pharaohs near the town of Abu Ravache. Suddenly he noticed something strange: French archaeologist wrote that the tomb was a wooden floor. It seemed strange – because prior to that, in Egyptian tombs never vstrechalas wooden floors. He suggested that, under wooden beams is hiding something else. And sure enough– under the tomb was found an ancient burial ship, made in 2950 BC There were also found ceramic vessels with beer and bread – apparently, this was not an easy craft and grocery baggage that accompanied the Pharaoh to the realm of the dead. Continue reading
Using the latest techniques of DNA analysis by German scientists plan to put an end to many years of debates concerning the emergence of modern anthropological type in Europe. Experts from the Leipzig Institute of evolutionary anthropology max Planck decoded the DNA of the remains of ancient man found during excavations in the Voronezh region. The resulting code genetics compared the DNA of Europeans and found a lot in common, so there is serious reason to believe that modern man came to the territory of modern Europe from the territory of the Russian plain, and the pre-routed the trail of settlement of Homo sapiens will now have to adjust.
That the attention of German specialists was attracted by the remains found near the village of Kostenki Voronezh region, is not surprising. It is in this area contains a large number of sites of the upper Palaeolithic, some of which relates to the period when Neanderthals were completely replaced by modern humans. Finds made in the Voronezh region have puzzled archeologists. Thus, radiocarbon analysis was found there in 2001, the statues have proven that art in Europe appeared 10 thousand years earlier than was thought. That is exactly the inhabitants of the village of Kostenki first in Europe began to imitate the human. And the bones of a man found in the burial of Markina Gora in 1954, are the most ancient remains of Homo sapiens in Eastern Europe. Their age – about 30 thousand years exceeds the age of other finds made in Spain, Italy and France. Reconstruction of the shape of the human skull made by the archaeologist Continue reading