The Lycurgus Cup is the only preserved from the ancient times of diatreta — a product made in the shape of a bell with double glass walls, covered with a figured pattern. The inner part of the top is decorated with carved patterned mesh. The Cup height — 165 mm, diameter — 132 mm. Scientists suggest that it was produced in Alexandria or Rome in the fourth century. The Lycurgus Cup can be admired in the British Museum.
This artifact is known primarily for its unusual properties. Under normal lighting, where the light comes from the front, the Cup is green, but if it illuminate from behind, he turns red.
Changing the artifact color and depending on what liquid is poured into it. For example, the Cup glowed blue when it had water, but filled with oil, became bright red.
The story about the dangers of alcohol
In this mystery we shall return. But first try to figure out why diatreta called the Lycurgus Cup. The surface of the bowl is decorated with a beautiful relief depicting the suffering of a bearded man, entangled with vines. All known myths of Ancient Greece and Rome most of all under this story fits the myth of the death of the Thracian king Lycurgus, probably lived about 800 years before our era. Continue reading
The middle East could become the second if not the main, the cradle of modern civilization. At the meeting in Italy the conference, the archaeologists came to the conclusion that civilization was born in a very unusual place — in Iran, far from the fertile valleys of Mesopotamia.
New discoveries during excavations in the Middle East has shaken the archaeological world and has forced scholars to reconsider the history of modern civilization. Until now, archaeologists believed that modern civilization originated in Mesopotamia, within the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates, giving enough resources for the development of complex society. And then, during the third Millennium BC, social structures, wealth and technologies of this society slowly spread along the coast of the Nile and later along the banks of the Indus and Ganges.
New finds of settlements can shake the traditional history of the ancient world to its very foundations, reports of archaeological Science conference in Ravenna, Italy. “Archaeologists do not allow the possibility of the existence at an early stage of development of a society of such large settlements at a distance from major rivers flowing into the ocean. Earlier nobody knew about these cities,” — said the journalist of the Science Andrulonis, who described the findings of scientists in the third the August issue of the magazine. Continue reading