Prehistoric man reveals the secrets of early inhabitants of America
Eighteen years it took scientists to finally uncover the mystery kanavinskogo person. Its partial skeleton was discovered by two teenagers in 1996 on the banks of the Columbia river (Columbia River) in Eastern Washington state. These remains tells us about the early history of the settlement of ancient people on the North American continent, thus forming the view of scientists about this process.
Says Dag Ously (Doug Owsley), an anthropologist from the Smithsonian Museum of natural history (Smithsonian Museum of Natural History), the bones of prehistoric man gave anthropologists an idea of what he ate and drank, what is his lifestyle, where he led their family. Moreover, researchers do know that he definitely was a nomad, gatherer, who has done a long way, before he passed away.
After analyzing his diet based on the meat of seals and other marine fauna, which, probably, have shaped its appearance, skull structure and body type, the researchers came to the conclusion that it could come from Polynesia on the raft or crafted from a thick tree trunk boat along the coast of the Japanese Islands, Eastern Siberia, Alaska, British Columbia and finally arrived to the shores of modern Washington.
A fragment of pelvic bone, in which was found an arrowhead, probably caused the death of doistoricheskogo
Traces of healed fractures of the ribs
Everyday life of a nomad was not an easy one, what svidetelstvuet numerous traces of healed rib fractures, worn teeth, a contusion on the head and an arrowhead stuck in his hipbone, he was probably was the immediate cause of his death.
However, all these discoveries could not be. People simply could mix the ancient bones with the ashes of their direct ancestors. Soon after the discovery of the skeleton, U.S. army corps of engineers (Army Corps of Engineers) could give the remains of one of the local tribes for reburial in further accordance with the Law on protection and repatriation of native American graves. However, during the first trials, the anthropologists were able to question the relation of the modern Indians with Kennewick man. To avoid future such misunderstandings, military engineers took the controversial decision to fill the place where was found the skeleton of one million tons of earth, and the top to plant trees.
Bruwelheide brown (left) and Dr. Doug ouli’s (right) work on the reconstruction of the skeleton of a man kanavinskogo
District judge John WELDEX (John Jelderks), who considered “the case of archaeologists” believed that military engineers have done everything possible to create an atmosphere of trust and partnership between scientists and the local aboriginal people. Although actually, the army Corps of engineers just kept the Law on the protection of graves of native Americans. This law was passed in 1990 and regulates relations in this sphere.
During the trial, judge Celldex did not agree with the arguments of the party that represented the interests of the tribes and the state government and ordered the military engineers to return the bones to the scientists for further research. After that, Dr. Osli finally able to hold a series of required tests to shed light on the mysterious origins of ancient people. Even now representatives of the Umatilla tribe continues to fight for its right to dispose of ancient bones.
Cliff on the shore of the Columbia river, which revealed the remains of a man kanavinskogo
“We continue to believe that this skeleton is nothing other than one of our direct ancestors. So far we have not been presented compelling evidence to the contrary”, – assure the natives.
Anthropologists, in turn, argue that the leadership of tribes just trying to Jack up the price in the eyes of their constituents. In addition, according to James Chaters (James Chatters) is a forensic anthropologist who first examined the remains at the place of detection, this law was intended to be a compromise between scientists and indigenous peoples, and not some short-sighted means of blackmail of one stakeholder.
Currently, kanavinskogo human skeleton is in the Museum of natural history and culture. Burke (Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture). At the request of the us army Corps of engineers, it is hidden from prying eyes and not on display. However, scientists continue to require the military to provide them with free access to the skeleton for further research. Many of them believe that ancient man there is a lot of talk about early human history in this corner of the globe.
The man ain the hunt, the beginning of XX century
The paleoanthropologists are still arguing about when man first stepped on land in North and South America and did this migration in the form of several successive waves.
The family of the Ainu in traditional clothes, the beginning of XX century
No doubt only the fact that between 11 and 9 thousand years ago, these last two uninhabited, but inhabitable continent had already been inhabited by people from one end to the other.