The legendary Troy, or Ilion
Trojan horse — a symbol of Troy (located at the entrance to the territory of the National historical Park of Troy)
Troy — perhaps in the world, few of those who have not heard the name of this legendary city at least once in their life, who has not heard of the famous Trojan horse . which dramatically changed the course of the Trojan war . Starting from the “Iliad” of Homer . describing the fifty-one day of the last year of the Trojan war . about Troy said and written a lot. Troy was always interested and continues to interest a variety of scholars: archaeologists, historians, writers and local historians. But did You know that Troy is in Turkey ?
Where is Troy (Ilion)? Troy on a map of Turkey
The Location Of Troy
Troy on a map of Turkey
“Troy” and “Ilium” are two different names of one and the same powerful city in Asia Minor, at the entrance from the Aegean sea to the Dardanelles (Hellespont) . The city was located on the ancient Maritime trade route, which connected the Aegean sea with the Marmara and Black seas. Troy occupied a dominant position over the Strait and this allowed the city to become a key center of trade between East and West in the bronze age. According to the Homer . near the town was a river of Scamander and Simois . The river Scamander (tour. Karamenderes) originates on schlunegger IDA . now called KAZ-Dagi. When Troy was first founded, it was located on the shores of the Gulf. But what we see today is not a great Gulf and plain because alluvial deposits of the rivers Scamander and Simois nakopilis gradually and over many centuries, these river deposits almost filled the Bay. In our days the ruins of ancient Troy are located in Turkey . 30 km from the town of Canakkale, near the village Tevfikiye .
Interactive area map of Troy hotels
Former Troy and Troy today Troy Location
Excavation of Troy in Turkey and the “Treasure of Priam”
For a long time the very existence of Troy was considered a myth or an invention of Homer and the exact location of Troy, no one knew. The geographical descriptions given in the Iliad of Homer . has led some scholars to assume that the ruins of Troy can be in North-West Asia Minor, somewhere near the entrance to the Dardanelles (modern Turkey ). In 1870, famous for a self-taught archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann . after receiving permission from the then Ottoman authorities began excavation in the North-Western part of the hill Hissarlik (near çanakkale ). May 31, 1873, Schliemann discovered the treasure, which he hastily called the “Treasure of Priam”. Later it turned out that this is not the “Treasure of Priam” . because the age of the treasure was a thousand years older than the times described the blind poet Homer . According to the permission of the Ottoman government on the right of the excavations of Hissarlik . Schliemann was obliged to give half of finds in the Archaeological Museum in Istanbul. But he’s hiding treasure from the Turkish authorities, smuggled smuggled it to Greece. In 1881, after unsuccessful attempts to sell the treasures of the world’s largest museums, Schliemann gave them as a gift to the city of Berlin, and this allowed him to become an honorary citizen of Berlin. Since 1945, Trojan treasure . taken as a trophy during the second world war, in Moscow in the Pushkin Museum to them. Of A. S. Pushkin.
Many still doubt that Schliemann discovered the city of Troy . but somehow the majority of scholars today are inclined to believe that Schliemann was right, “Troy excavated, and there is no second”.
Because of its strategic location, after each devastating war or a devastating earthquake, the town was restored and lives in Troy began again. That is why in our day archaeological site of Troy has nine main cultural layers . which belong to different epochs. Troy is one of the most important archeological sites in Turkey and in the world, and is included in the world heritage list of UNESCO .
Modern science has 9 main cultural layers of Troy
The cultural layers of Troy
Troy I — the Most ancient archeological traces of Troy date back to 2900 — 2500 BC Troy I was a little settlement and even in the Prime of its existence had a diameter of only 100 m. Despite its modest size, Troy I had a fortress with massive walls, gates and towers built of rusticated stone. This settlement existed for almost five centuries and, most likely, was destroyed by fire.
Troy II — Although Troy I was destroyed by a fire that occurred on the site of the ruins of Troy II is a revival of the lost city. The second cultural layer of Troy (2500-2300 BC) one of the most impressive archaeological monuments of the early bronze age. In this layer we found many treasures, including the treasure discovered by Schliemann which he hastily called the “Treasure of Priam”. All these treasures of gold, silver, bronze and copper speak of active trading activity in the city. However, and Troy II was destroyed, but as a result of a sudden attack, as evidenced by traces of deliberate destruction.
Troy III, IV and V of Troy III, IV and V over a large settlement that existed from 2300-1800 BCE over the centuries the citadel expanded, but the specific traces the development of the city not nabludaetsa, on the contrary traces the decline of the city. In these settlements already there are a group of small houses standing right next to one another, separated by small streets. Again Troy V was destroyed by fire.
Troy VI and VII — In this period of Troy built a new Royal Palace-the citadel. The size of the new citadel surpassed not only old, but also any other in Western Asia Minor. Built of hewn stone and strengthened with massive towers of the new city walls had a thickness of 4 to 5 m. All this testifies to the wealth, glory and power of Troy in this period. But large vertical fissures in the fortress wall in the VI cultural layer of Troy (1800-1250 BC) , suggests that there was a strong earthquake. After the earthquake on the ruins of settlements of the newly born life. The Trojan war and the events mentioned by Homer in the Iliad relate to either Troy VI or Troy VII (1250-1025 BC).
Troy VIII and IX — In the opinion of modern scientists, abandoned after the war of Troy, the Greeks settled 250 years later, that is during the time of Homer. At first on the site of the old Troy there was a small settlement, then the city has grown. At Troy was the temple of Athena and the sanctuary for sacrifice (900-85 BC). According to Arrian (Greek historian and geographer), Alexander the great made a pilgrimage to Troy and visited the temple of Athena. From the temple of Athena come down to us only a few fragments of marble altars and fragments. With the increasing power of the Roman state arose the legend that the descendants of the Trojan Aeneas founded Rome. Therefore, the Romans honoured the city of Troy . Gaius Julius Caesar was ordered to expand the temple of Athena, after their visit there in 48 BC Came after him Augustus also ordered the construction of “sacred Ilion” bouleuterion (hall Council) and odion to host musical performances.