Small pieces of tar, discovered by archaeologists during excavations of settlements of ancient people, it is not that other, as the first chewing gum. In Ancient Greece and the middle East, chewing the resin of mastic tree used for cleansing teeth. For over 1000 years by the Mayans for the same purpose used the juice of hevea (rubber), as well as to constantly train their gums and chewing muscles used a mixture of wool and honey. After Columbus ‘ discovery of America, along with tobacco was brought to Europe and the prototypes of the modern chewing gums. However, the Europeans were able to estimate all advantages of the constant chewing.
6 the rebirth of chewing gum occurred in the USA a few centuries later. For chewing began to use spruce resin. For a good chew this material had it for a long time to warm up in the mouth, and this has hampered the spread of chewing gum. A real breakthrough in “chewing” the industry has been the use of juice Sapodilla, that has properties similar to latex. Soon in chewing gum by adding sugar and various flavorings. In 1939 was born the work of the American Professor Hollingworth in which mylobeditor proved that the constant chewing relieves muscle tension and stress. Since then, gum has become a mandatory component in the rations of American soldiers.
Since then, gum has become a permanent attribute of human life.
So whether chewing gum useful? Let’s try to define all of the + and – chewing gum.
A pleasant taste. 2) Cleanses the mouth. 3) Refresh the oral cavity. 4) Relieves muscle tension and stress. 5) Contained in chewing gum sweeteners. (sorbitol, xylitol) restore acid-alkaline balance.
The settlement of the 16th century, discovered on the North shore of Ontario, in his days was a major economic and cultural center. This conclusion was made by canadian researchers after nine years of study of this archaeological monument.
Ron Williams of the University of Toronto said that this settlement of Indians was in those days the largest. The archaeologists who first saw excavated a site with your own eyes, surprised by his size.
Mantle the settlement settlement is one of the Indian tribes – the Hurons. Archaeologists have discovered this monument in 2003 on the territory of Whitchurch-Stouffville near Toronto. The city is surrounded by a triple palisade. It formed in various areas and includes many so-called archeologists “long houses” — long, narrow houses with single room.
These homes were built from the most durable wood of cedar and maple. The average width of these structures was 6 m and their length varied in the range of 12-49 m Roof, height of 6 m, was covered with elm bark or cedar. In total, the archaeologists found 98 buildings, but at the peak of development of the settlement it was no more than 55 homes. This is because of the buildings was based on an older demolished structures. On discovered in the ancient settlement of ostankova wood scientists concluded that the Indians used an effective fire suppression system that allowed timely eliminate fire hazards.
In the times of prosperity of this settlement there were approximately 1500-1800 people. Scientists estimate that the city needed a 7 thousand deer skins annually. Hunting grounds, stretching for 40 km around the settlement, in full measure met the demand. Continue reading
In Nagorno-Karabakh on may 30 with support from the government was the opening of the archaeological Museum. The Museum was founded in the XVIII century fortress, which is located near the ancient city of Tigranakert (North-East of Askeran region of Nagorno Karabakh).
Specific localization of the ancient Tigranakert, founded in Artsakh Armenian king Tigran II the Great (95-55 BC), was refined in the summer of 2005. In the same year, archaeological excavations began. produced primarily by specialists from Armenia. In the excavations, financed by the government of Nagorno-Karabakh. took part scientists of Institute of archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Engineering University and State Museum of Armenian history.
The outdoor Museum is illustrated the course of archaeological excavations, and in three halls of the Museum houses various artifacts discovered by the archaeological expedition of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia in the course of excavations. Also presents objects of material culture, starting with the V century BC to the XVII century.
The territory of the ancient city of Tigranakert, which covers about five thousand acres, last year was granted a national Park status. In Nagorno-Karabakh are going to turn this ancient city into a place of pilgrimage for Armenians from all over the world.
According to the head of the Department of tourism under the government of the Nagorno Karabakh Sergey Shahverdyan . in addition to the Tigranakert, the reserve also includes the historic environment of the city. “This environment is very rich in historical monuments and testimonies. And the creation of the Museum of Tigranakert is the basis for the reserve came to life”, – said Sergey Shahverdyan. Continue reading