Methods of archaeologists very far away from the tunnels the days of Herculaneum; and obvious progress compared with the beginning of the twentieth century, when bona fide, but poorly equipped diggers attacked the mounds with shovels, wheelbarrows and hundreds of hired workers, in the calculations which was a system of “baksheesh” — everyone who found any valuable thing paid for it at the market price.
The scientific approach of Modern excavations is highly scientific, carefully controlled and is an expensive affair. Due to high costs and ever-increasing demands for scientific accuracy, the excavation can now be described as the mobile scientific laboratory, where highly qualified specialists in various fields combine their efforts, working in the field. Prior to modern archeological expedition are five main tasks: area survey, excavation, finds recording, interpretation and publication of reports. In the first place, every new excavation site should be surveyed for miles around; you need to learn as much as possible about the topography and history of the surrounding area. Continue reading
Eighteen years it took scientists to finally uncover the mystery kanavinskogo person. Its partial skeleton was discovered by two teenagers in 1996 on the banks of the Columbia river (Columbia River) in Eastern Washington state. These remains tells us about the early history of the settlement of ancient people on the North American continent, thus forming the view of scientists about this process.
Says Dag Ously (Doug Owsley), an anthropologist from the Smithsonian Museum of natural history (Smithsonian Museum of Natural History), the bones of prehistoric man gave anthropologists an idea of what he ate and drank, what is his lifestyle, where he led their family. Moreover, researchers do know that he definitely was a nomad, gatherer, who has done a long way, before he passed away.
After analyzing his diet based on the meat of seals and other marine fauna, which, probably, have shaped its appearance, skull structure and body type, the researchers came to the conclusion that it could come from Polynesia on the raft or crafted from a thick tree trunk boat along the coast of the Japanese Islands, Eastern Siberia, Alaska, British Columbia and finally arrived to the shores of modern Washington. Continue reading
Many people think that all the main historical discoveries already made and all the treasures found. However, this is not so. Thousands of professional archaeologists and hundreds of thousands of enthusiasts continue in different parts of the world to dig and search.
Each year the magazine Archaeology sums up the year in archaeology, while drawing up the rating of outstanding discoveries that shed light on the ancient history of mankind. Scientists waited many surprises from different historical eras. By the way, discoveries in archaeology are not listed in order of importance and not in chronological order. So, here’s the top 10 for 2012.
1st place: the ship of Pharaoh
Egyptologist Jan Tristant of the University of Sydney studied the response francuzskoy archaeological expedition of Professor Pierre Monte, who in 1914 examined the tombs of the pharaohs near the town of Abu Ravache. Suddenly he noticed something strange: French archaeologist wrote that the tomb was a wooden floor. It seemed strange – because prior to that, in Egyptian tombs never vstrechalas wooden floors. He suggested that, under wooden beams is hiding something else. And sure enough– under the tomb was found an ancient burial ship, made in 2950 BC There were also found ceramic vessels with beer and bread – apparently, this was not an easy craft and grocery baggage that accompanied the Pharaoh to the realm of the dead. Continue reading