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Archaeologists have unearthed the largest Indian settlement

The settlement of the 16th century, discovered on the North shore of Ontario, in his days was a major economic and cultural center. This conclusion was made by canadian researchers after nine years of study of this archaeological monument.

Ron Williams of the University of Toronto said that this settlement of Indians was in those days the largest. The archaeologists who first saw excavated a site with your own eyes, surprised by his size.

Mantle the settlement settlement is one of the Indian tribes – the Hurons. Archaeologists have discovered this monument in 2003 on the territory of Whitchurch-Stouffville near Toronto. The city is surrounded by a triple palisade. It formed in various areas and includes many so-called archeologists “long houses” — long, narrow houses with single room.

These homes were built from the most durable wood of cedar and maple. The average width of these structures was 6 m and their length varied in the range of 12-49 m Roof, height of 6 m, was covered with elm bark or cedar. In total, the archaeologists found 98 buildings, but at the peak of development of the settlement it was no more than 55 homes. This is because of the buildings was based on an older demolished structures. On discovered in the ancient settlement of ostankova wood scientists concluded that the Indians used an effective fire suppression system that allowed timely eliminate fire hazards.

In the times of prosperity of this settlement there were approximately 1500-1800 people. Scientists estimate that the city needed a 7 thousand deer skins annually. Hunting grounds, stretching for 40 km around the settlement, in full measure met the demand. Continue reading

In Nagorno Karabakh the archaeological Museum is open

In Nagorno-Karabakh on may 30 with support from the government was the opening of the archaeological Museum. The Museum was founded in the XVIII century fortress, which is located near the ancient city of Tigranakert (North-East of Askeran region of Nagorno Karabakh).

Specific localization of the ancient Tigranakert, founded in Artsakh Armenian king Tigran II the Great (95-55 BC), was refined in the summer of 2005. In the same year, archaeological excavations began. produced primarily by specialists from Armenia. In the excavations, financed by the government of Nagorno-Karabakh. took part scientists of Institute of archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Engineering University and State Museum of Armenian history.

The outdoor Museum is illustrated the course of archaeological excavations, and in three halls of the Museum houses various artifacts discovered by the archaeological expedition of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia in the course of excavations. Also presents objects of material culture, starting with the V century BC to the XVII century.

The territory of the ancient city of Tigranakert, which covers about five thousand acres, last year was granted a national Park status. In Nagorno-Karabakh are going to turn this ancient city into a place of pilgrimage for Armenians from all over the world.

According to the head of the Department of tourism under the government of the Nagorno Karabakh Sergey Shahverdyan . in addition to the Tigranakert, the reserve also includes the historic environment of the city. “This environment is very rich in historical monuments and testimonies. And the creation of the Museum of Tigranakert is the basis for the reserve came to life”, – said Sergey Shahverdyan. Continue reading

Lao skull: the oldest remains of modern humans in Southeast Asia

Discovered in a cave in Annam mountains in Northern Laos; the skull is the oldest fossil belonging to the person of modern type found in South-East Asia, the researchers report

This discovery pushes the migration of the population in Africa by as much as 20 000 years and indicates that ancient Wanderers out of Africa left the coast and inhabited areas with unusual environments much earlier than historians thought.

The scientists who found the skull in 2009, were the first who discovered the remains of ancient man in a very long time on the territory of modern Laos – since the early 1900s when in one of the caves of the mountains of Annam were found skulls and skeletons of several modern man. Those fossils were about 16,000 years old, i.e. they are considerably younger than the newly found skull which is estimated to be about 46 000 – 63 000 years.

“This is a particularly ancient fossil of the modern human form, but paradoxically, this man is too evolved for that area, says an anthropologist from the University of Illinois Laura Shakelford, which oversaw the study in conjunction with anthropologist Fabrice Demateis National Museum of natural history in Paris, in an interview for sciencedaily – In China and in Southeast Asia were found other remains of man of modern type, which may be of the same length of time that a new find, but they are either badly dated, or not fully manifest features of man of modern type. Eyes the skull is very well dated and definitely belongs to the same species that we are.”

Was found only the skull and a single artifact. This suggests that the cave was not a dwelling or the place of his burial, said Shackelford. It is more likely that the person died outside and the body was in the cave much later.

This finding indicates that early modern human migrants not just followed along the coast to the South, to the Islands of Southeast Asia and Australia, as believed by some researchers, but also traveled North into other types of terrain, says Shackelford. Continue reading

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Prehistoric man reveals the secrets of early inhabitants of America
Eighteen years it took scientists to finally uncover the mystery kanavinskogo person. Its partial skeleton was discovered by two teenagers in 1996 on the banks of the Columbia river (Columbia…

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